Parents: look out for these drugs
It is virtually impossible to protect your child from being exposed to drugs but you can help protect him against drug abuse.
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The first step is to educate yourself. Here is a list of drugs that are commonly abused in South Africa.
Non-synthetic narcotics: opium, heroin (rapidly on the increase in SA), morphine and codeine (found in most over the counter painkillers)
Synthetic narcotics: Wellconal, Pethadine and Physeptine
These have a calming, dulling effect on the central nervous system.
Barbiturates: Tuinal, Amytal, Nembutal, Seconal and Vesparax
Non-Barbiturates: Mandrax, Mogadon and Dalmadorm
Tranquilizers: Stellazine, Librium, Valium and Ativan
These increase alertness and energy, and inhibit fatigue and sleep.
Cocaine: best-known and mostly used by the affluent
Appetite suppressants: Prescription - Obex and Tenuate, and over-the-counter - Nobese, Thinz and Redupon (most commonly abused by adolescents)
Nicotine (in cigarettes) and caffeine (in coffee) are also stimulants that can be abused.
The use of these can result in visual distortions and hallucinations.
Marijuana: 'dagga', 'weed' or 'grass'
These produce light-headedness and dizziness and can result in a loss of consciousness or death.Chloroform, ether, benzine, petrol, paint thinners, aerosols and some synthetic glues.
Methamphetamines and MDMA:
'Speed'; and Ecstasy (MDMA): a chemical relative of methamphetamine or speed, but which is free for the most part of the hallucinations that normally accompany these psychedelic drugs.